Deep Roots Garden Center                Newsletter                               March 2014
Best of the Beach 2014
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Easy Reader's
Blooming Natives & Drought Tolerant Plants
We have a large number of blooming native and drought tolerant plants in stock. Here are just a few:
Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos):An evergreen perennial with fuzzy flowers that look like claws that rise high above the iris-like foliage. It comes in a variety of colors including green, black, red, bronze, yellow and light green. Likes full sun and is extremely drought tolerant once established.
Ceonothus (California Lilac):  A large group of diverse, versatile and drought tolerant North American native shrubs many native to California. Most grow 1-6 feet high, prostrate or mounding, but some can be small trees up to 18-20 feet tall. Ceanothus flowers are largely blue in a wide variety of shades, but a few are white or pink.  
Dipladenia (Mandevilla): The tropical Dipladenia vine enhances landscapes with its vibrant, trumpet-shaped blooms and bright green foliage. Depending upon the variety, these climbers grow to mature heights of 5 to 20ft and produce red, pink or white flowers. Dipladenia grow best in full to partial shade and fast-draining, fertile soils.
Flannel Bush (Fremontodendron): This is a flowering evergreen shrub, with fuzzy, flannel-like leaves and 3-4 inch wide lemon-yellow flowers displayed in great abundance in spring and summer. Ideally suited to a well-drained soil in full sun with no supplementary water. 
Grevillea "Peaches and Cream": A small to medium sized shrub with a dense spreading habit to 4 to 6 feet tall by slightly wider, with attractive deeply dissected foliage that is bright green with bronze highlights in winter.  4 inch long flower clusters that are hold greenish yellow flowers that age to various shades of yellow, pink and orange can be in flower at any time of the year. Plant in full to partial sun in a well-drained soil and water occasionally – should prove drought tolerant once established.
Heuchera (coral bells): Heuchera are native American plants that thrive in partial shade, some can take almost full sun. Coral Bells foliage can now be found in shades of purple, rose, lime green, gold and variations in between. Small bell-shaped flowers are borne on tall stalks. Drought tolerant once established.
King Protea: This is a woody shrub native to South Africa with thick stems leading to clusters of pink or crimson colored flowers. It typically grows to about 3-4ft tall.  It is best known for its huge goblet or bowl-shaped flower heads from 5" to 12" in diameter. Each flower head consists of a large, domed, central mass of  inner flowers surrounded by stiff, pointed, showy bracts ranging in color from red, to pink to creamy white. Drought tolerant once established it blooms sporadically throughout the year.
Matilija Poppy: a shrubby perennial, heavy branched and woody at the base, growing to 8' tall.  The showy white flowers are the largest of any plant native to California, and look like fried eggs. It blooms from May to July. It prefers full sun but can take dappled light and still flower.It likes well drained soil and is drought tolerant once established.
Pincushion Protea (Leucospermum) is a genus of about 50 species of evergreen flowering plants in the family Proteaceae, native to Zimbabwe and South Africa, where they occupy a variety of habitats, including scrub, forest, and mountain slopes. They generally grow 4 - 6 ft tall and like full sun and fast draining soil.
Yarrow (Achillea): is a hardy and versatile perennial with fernlike leaves and colorful blooms. The large, flat-topped flower clusters are perfect for cutting and drying.Yarrow is a hardy and versatile perennial with fernlike leaves and colorful blooms that attract butterflies. Yarrow likes full sun, fast draining soil and should be cut back if it gets leggy.
_______________ of any plant native to 
It's March! Time to get serious..... 
It's March already.. The Garden Center is freshly stocked with annuals, natives, water-wise plants, succulents, fruit trees, herbs, vegetables and flowering shrubs...
It's Spring... What to do in your garden this month... If February is the crossover month where winter turns to spring, then March means spring is in full swing.  The days are getting appreciably longer and deciduous trees and plants that have been dormant during the winter are pushing out bright green leaves and shoots. There is no better time than NOW to plant, transplant or sow seeds, as plants are botanically programmed to grow fast in the spring. There is lots to do in the garden this month so roll up your sleeves and enjoy it!
Pull weeds and snails: Even though we haven't had much rain this year, weeds still grow and slugs and snails are emerging from their winter hideaways hungry as ever. Water the ground before pulling weeds and then use a pre-emergent such as Preen to prevent weeds from germinating. Hand pick snails off your plants just before dawn. Locate their daytime hiding places ― usually strap-leafed plants like daylilies or agapanthus ― and handpick regularly. Use a snail bait such as  "That's It"  which has been newly reformulated to make it safer around children and pets. 
Sow seeds before it rains:     
Now is an excellent time to sow spring veggie seeds.  If rain is forecast, (and there is still time for rain to come...) sow vegetable and annual flower seeds before it arrives. Nothing excites seeds as much as rain! The art of getting seeds to germinate is to prepare the ground first and keep the seeds moist while they germinate. Do not flood them but do not let them dry out either.
Buy tomato plants:  Tomatoes grow well in the ground or in large pots. Tomatoes need heat to produce flowers and fruit, but during these early months they will develop a large root system that will make for stronger plants in the summer. At Deep Roots we have several varieties that are well suited to our coastal climate. We will be bringing in different varieties of heirloom tomato plants with each shipment so check back often for exciting varieties. 
 Attract good bugs: To keep insect pests under control in your vegetable garden, lure in their natural enemies ― hoverflies, lacewings (photo left), ladybugs, and parasitic wasps ― by planting the nectar plants they love, such as aster, chamomile, coreopsis, cosmos, feverfew, marigold, scabiosa, and yarrow.
Grow fruit trees:  March is a great time to plant citrus trees.  If you have limited space plant dwarf varieties which grow well in large containers. Grow citrus trees in FULL SUN. Citrus trees thrive in sun and heat so growing them in full sun is especially important along the coast.  Prepare the ground or the container well, sprinkle some Dr.Earth Fruit Tree Fertilizer in with the soil before you plant. Citrus trees are heavy feeders and need regular fertilizing to produce flowers and fruit. For more information see the article on the right.
Start an herb garden: Plant chives, parsley, cilantro, arugula, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme, and my all time favorite herb - Winter Savory. Arugula, chervil, cilantro, and dill can also be grown successfully from seed.   
 Acidify hydrangeas: To keep your blue-flowered hydrangeas blue, acidify the soil now and every few weeks until bloom time. If you don't do this the hydrangeas will revert to pink. Apply aluminum sulfate, which is often packaged expressly for hydrangeas, following label directions. At Deep Roots we have Growmore's Hydrangea  Blueing formula in stock now.
Feed plants: Almost all plants appreciate added nutrients at this time of year.  They are just about to begin a growth surge and, like a runner before a marathon, they can use the extra food. Feed fruit and ornamental trees, shrubs (except camellias ― wait until after bloom), lawns, container plants, houseplants, perennials, ground-covers, and annuals that have been in the ground for six weeks or more. If rain is forecast get out into the garden and fertilize everything with a slow release granular fertilizer and soil conditioner such as Gro Power and let the rain soak it in. 
What To Plant:  Plant warm-season annual flowers and vegetables such as marigolds, petunias, tomatoes, and peppers.... for those of you who love them HOT the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion peppers are back in stock!. Now is also a good time to plant stone fruit and sub-tropicals. Once the soil has warmed to 60 degrees F, sow seeds for corn, cucumbers, green beans, squashes, and other heat-lovers. 60 degrees F means the soil is warm enough for you to walk on it comfortably barefoot.
Continue to mow your lawn: Mow fast-growing lawns regularly and at the right height. It's the best thing you can do to control weeds and keep grass thick and healthy. Now, during cool weather, mow cool-season lawns such as bluegrass, rye-grasses, or fescues at 2 inches or so. During periods of hot weather set the mower at 3 inches. Mow warm-season grasses such as Bermuda, St. Augustine, and zoysia at 2 inches throughout the growing season.
Containers: Plant colorful flowers in containers to brighten up your entryway or the view from your family room. Mix in some slow release fertilizer (such as any of the organic formulations by Dr. Earth) with the soil before you plant. Good plants for long term bloom include nemesia, calibrachoa (Million Bells), Osteospermum (African Daisies), and geraniums.  Fertilize these regularly, too, with a half-strength fertilizer, or Osmocote.  
Harvest Regularly : Keep picking your cool-season crops, such as peas, lettuces, and spinach. It will encourage more production. Continue to plant successions of these fast-growers for production over the next several weeks.  
Mulch: Replenish mulch where it has disappeared and add a layer to new areas so that it's 2-3 inches deep. Mulching well helps to prevent 
The Bartenders' Garden
Spring is springing and longer days with warmer temperatures means we can once again sit outside and enjoy a cocktail or an alcohol-free beverage. Whereas you can't (legally) "grow" your own alcohol you can grow some of the other ingredients for a refreshing libation. Fresh, fresh, will hear mixologists talking about fresh ingredients all the time.
Using fresh squeezed juices, garnished at their peak and fresh herbs make otherwise "decent" cocktails spectacular and you cannot get any fresher than growing your own fruits, vegetables and herbs in your own garden.
If you browse the thousands of cocktail and punch recipes available on the web you'll see numerous possibilities for garden fresh mixers and garnishes. If you enjoy gardening anyway, there's no reason not to design a portion of your plantings around your drinking preferences. Planting a Bartender's Garden is just one more way to get the most out of your outdoor space.
Here are a few suggestions of plants you may want to consider adding to your garden which will enhance your cocktails with or without alcohol: 
Fruits & Vegetables: garnishes, fresh juices and flavored infusions
  • Apple - fresh cider (Hot Apple Pie), Spring Fever
  • Blueberry - Berry PatchJamaican Cobbler
  • Cherry - garnish, juice
  • Grapes - Green Grape Glacier
  • Kiwi - Kiwi Martini
  • Raspberry - Raspberry Caipirinha
  • Strawberry - Strawberry DaiquiriStrawberry Julius
  • Watermelon - Watermelon-infused VodkaWatermelon Wave
  • Tomato - choose medium sized, juicy varieties for a Bloody MaryBloody Maria, etc.
  • Carrot - juice for a lighter substitute to tomato
  • Cucumber - VodkHERB Martini
  • Peppers - chili, jalapeno, habanero for garnishes, infusions
  • Grapefruit - GreyhoundPaloma
  • Lemon - Meyer are best for fresh juices, lemonade, Sangrias, garnishes
  • Lime - fresh juices, Sangria, Margaritas, garnishes
  • Mango - Mango JuliusVoodoo Priestess
  • Orange - fresh juice, Sangrias, punch, garnishes
  • Peach - Peach MargaritaPlanetary Punch
  • Pomegranate - Pomegranate MargaritaHerb's Pomegranate Punch
Herbs: perfect for custom spirit infusions as well as garnishes
  • Basil - Fennel Lemon CrunchGarlic and Basil Infused Vodka
  • Chamomile - Tea Tini
  • Dill - Garden Ale
  • Fennel - Fennel Lemon Crunch
  • Ginger - Ginger Snap MartiniGinger Tea
  • Jasmine - Sparkling Jasmine Iced Tea
  • Lemon Balm or Lemon Verbena  - Tea Tini
  • Lemongrass - Lemongrass-Ginger infused tequila
  • Lavender - Lavender Rosemary infused vodka , lavender lemonade
  • Mint - try different varieties but beware that it is notorious for taking over a garden so plant in a controlled space or container, arguably the most popular herb used in many drinks most famous being the Mint Julep and Mojito
  • Rosemary - Vanilla Rose
  • Sage - Sage Tea
  • Tarragon - Bourbon Street Jump
  • Thyme - Vodka HerbitanNN
Garden Center & Florist 
Garden Center
open  9AM - 6PM daily
open 9-5 Monday to Saturday
201-207 N. Sepulveda Blvd.
Manhattan Beach,
CA 90266
Garden Center: 310-376-0567
Flower Shop: 310-379-3634
St Patrick's Day
On March 17 we are all Irish so they tell me... If you are not up to wearing green all day decorate your home or garden with a beautiful green or bronze Oxalis (often also know as shamrock). This pretty plant is non-invasive, grows well in part sun and has a long bloom time. 
Deep Roots
Our award winning Floral Design Studio is situated at the southern end of our parking lot on the corner of 2nd Street and Sepulveda.
Look no further for all your Prom boutonnieres and corsages; Easter, Mother's Day or Grad bouquets and arrangements! We also provide custom arrangements for weddings, parties and  events.
Our unique, one of a kind floral arrangements are created to your specifications by our talented team of designers.
To see examples of our designs go to our website and click on the link to the florist
Each photo links to an individually themed gallery of arrangements. New  photos are being added just about every day.
Grow Citrus in Containers
Choosing the right pot:
Citrus trees need a pot that is at least 18 inches tall and wide, preferably bigger. I have grown a dwarf Meyer Lemon in a pot that was not 18 inches wide, but it was stunted and fruit production was not as good. This is because citrus trees have roots that spread out close to the surface. In a citrus grove you’ll often find tree roots growing in the leaf litter below the tree. Select a pot with thick walls, clay pots are ideal. Citrus do not like the super-heated soil found in metal pots.
    You’ll need to gently root-prune and re-pot every 5 years or so.
Watering your Citrus Tree
You should water your tree often enough so that the soil only briefly dries out between watering. If the soil is already wet, do not add any more water.
Harvesting Your Fruit
You must allow the fruit to ripen on the tree. To tell if the fruit is ripe, pick one and taste it. You can’t tell if the fruit is ripe by rind color, as most varieties color quite some time before they are ripe.
How to Prune your Citrus Tree
Simply put, you don’t need to prune your tree at all. Pruning will not improve your harvest. Lower branches produce the most fruit, so definitely don’t cut those off. Prune lightly for aesthetic reasons and to remove any dead or diseased branches.
The What and When of Fertilizing
I have grown citrus trees in pots for several years now and my advice is "Fertilize! Fertilize, Fertilize!" Citrus trees in pots really need lots of fertilizer. Nitrogen is your citrus tree’s best friend. Fertilize monthly from February to November with a high-nitrogen fertilizer according to package instructions. If the leaves are deep green with burned tips, you’re fertilizing too much. Citrus are also very sensitive to soil that is too alkaline, a problem for those of us in the South Bay. If you see light green leaves with dark green veins, you most likely need to re-acidify your potting soil with some soil acidifier (sometimes marketed as a hydrangea blueing agent).
One Tree or Two?
Because fruit is the result of pollination between plants, many kinds of fruit trees produce the best harvest when they have a similar type of tree nearby to cross-pollinate with. Most citrus varieties, however, are self-fertile. Which means they don’t need a partner to produce offspring. This is good news for small-space gardeners because it means you don’t need to waste space with a second tree.
   Here are some of the varieties of dwarf or semi-dwarf citrus trees we currently have in stock:
Kumquat 'Nagami Kumquats produce  fruit that look like tiny, oblong oranges. They are usually tart, and the fruit is eaten skin and all.   
Lemons Lemons are a great choice in areas with summers that aren't hot enough for other types of citrus. They especially enjoy coastal areas, and will produce fruit year round near the beach. 'Meyer Lemon' is the best variety for container gardeners. The fruit is sweeter with thinner skins than regular lemons thanks to the fact that is actually a lemon-orange hybrid. Other dwarf lemon varieties currently in stock are 'Eureka' and 'Pink Lemonade'. 
Limes Limes are a perfect citrus to grow in containers as we only need a few for our Mojitos (along with Mojito Mint that we have in our herb section). Varieties that we have in stock are: 'Bearss'', and  'Mexican Lime' (a.k.a Key Lime) with small, very tasty fruit that is more yellow than green when ripe, 
Mandarins: Some varieties of Citrus reticulata are called tangerines, while others are called mandarins. If you choose a variety that produces seeds, get only one citrus tree. When there are two trees they will produce more seeds.'Gold Nugget' produces fruit that is seedless, very sweet, and easy to peel. Also in stock - 'Darcy Mandarin'.
Oranges These need more heat to produce fruit so make sure you put the tree in a spot that gets all day sun. We have ‘Washington Naval' and 'Lake Lane Navel' as well as 'Valencia' and 'Moro Blood Orange' semi-dwarf orange trees.
Other citrus in stock: 'Rio Red' Grapefruit, 'Star Ruby Red grapefruit, and Minnesota Tangelo.
CSA Boxes -Not just a box of vegetables!
We are a drop-off point for CSA organic vegetable and fruit boxes supplied by the South Central Farmers' Cooperative. The boxes are delivered every Wednesday. Call us by Monday afternoon to order your box. For more information call 310-376-0567
The farmers of the South Central Farmers' Cooperative who grow the vegetables in our CSA boxes have a powerful and compelling back story that can be seen in two documentaries - the Oscar nominated "The Garden"
and "Save the Farm"
Both movies tell the story of the largest urban farm in the United States, a 14-acre organic farm sitting right in the middle of South Central Los Angeles. Over 350 farmers cultivated this farm, which fed their families and community and created an urban oasis for more than 14 years. A recent battle over the ownership of the land and the right of the farmers to cultivate it is eventually lost, the farmers are forcibly evicted and have to watch as their carefully tended oasis is bulldozed and left abandoned. Both movies are available on Netflix and are powerful commentaries on  property rights, local government and people power.
These  farmers now cultivate donated land in the Central Valley and bring us fresh vegetables and fruit every week. Support these valiant people and buy a box of organic, seasonal vegetables. If you can commit to three boxes so much the better. Once a month? Twice a month? Every week? The choice is yours. At $20 a box it is bargain 
Deep Roots Garden Center • 207 N. Sepulveda Blvd. • Manhattan Beach • CA • 90266
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